How to Join Merchant Navy after Graduation
Last updated on April 14th, 2023 at 12:47 pm
After completing graduation, when we are shortlisting colleges or career opportunities for ourselves, the merchant navy presents itself as a highly attractive option. By joining the merchant navy after graduation, you can earn a lucrative salary along with serving as a ranked officer on board the ship. But the question is How do you join the merchant navy after graduation? Do not Worry! as in this blog we will tell you how.
The maritime workforce needs to be highly efficient and skilled to carry the cargo across international trade routes because shipping is the lifeblood of the global economy. One would be required to follow the following steps to join maritime shipping-
Are You Eligible to Join Merchant Navy After Graduation?
The first step of your journey, before you make any investments in your studies or apply for a college, would be to assess if you’re eligible to join the merchant navy. A candidate is required to have a minimum of 60% in their class 12th with PCM as their subject, to join as an officer. Other candidates who have a background in commerce or arts may join through a GP rating. All details will be covered further ahead.
Departments to Join-
There are three major departments onboard ships that one can join as a part of the merchant navy. Namely- the Deck Department, Engine Department and the Saloon Department.
Deck Department in Merchant Navy-
This department comprises deck officers and deck ratings. Moreover, they are the ones who are responsible for navigating the vessel and handling its cargo.
Engine Department in Merchant Navy-
This department comprises engine officers and ratings. They are in charge of the maintenance, repairs, and overall operation of the engines, boilers, pumps, generators, and all the other machinery and systems that are key to a vessel’s operation.
This department comprises cooks and stewards. This is the department responsible for providing hygienic and delicious food onboard and maintaining the accommodation and living space of the officers’ room.
According to one’s inclination or previous educational background, one may join through any of these 3 given departments.
Confused between the Deck Department and the Engine Department? Read our blog Deck Department Vs. Engine Department
Courses Required to Join Different Departments of the Merchant Navy after Graduation-
We’ll now further mention the degrees and courses that one can enroll themselves in to become a part of the maritime industry.
To Join the Deck Department
As a Merchant Navy Officer-
1. B.Sc. Nautical Science-
B. Sc Nautical Science is a 3-year graduate course, which gives students the opportunity to join ships as deck cadets. After completing the pre-sea training and receiving the Bsc degree, one can join the ship and further progress to become the chief officer or the captain of the ship.
The following are the qualifications required for this course-
|Age||The maximum age is 25 years and the minimum age is 17 years on the date of commencement of the course. A relaxation of 5 years for SC/ST, 2 years for women candidates, and 3 years for OBC candidates.|
|Educational qualifications||10+2/equivalent (PCM – a minimum of 60% aggregate) & English – a minimum of 50% in 10th/+2. |
Note: In the case of SC/ST candidates. There will be a 5% relaxation in eligibility marks; however, it will not apply to English Marks.
Few other additional criteria may be present as per the specific requirements of the colleges.
2. Bachelor of Science-
A candidate who has completed Bsc in Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, or Electronics (with Physics) from a recognized university, with an average of more than 50% marks in the final year can join the merchant navy after completing a Diploma in Nautical Science or graduating in a Bsc Nautical Science course. For Some of the MTIs like Anglo Eastern Maritime Academy, Additionally, they should have scored more than 60% as PCM aggregate at the 10+2 level.
2. Bachelor of Technology-
A candidate who has completed B. Tech in any stream from a recognized university, with an average of more than 50% marks in the final year can join the merchant navy after completing a Diploma in Nautical Science. For Some of the MTIs like Anglo Eastern Maritime Academy, Additionally, Candidates should have scored more than 60% as PCM aggregate at the 10+2 level.
Confused between Diploma in Nautical Science and Bsc Nautical Science? Read our blog to choose which one is a better fit for you- Which is better BSc Nautical Science or DNS?
To Join the Engine Department in Merchant Navy
1. Btech Marine Engineering-
Candidates who have completed their 10+2 education in the science stream from a recognized board where they have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics compulsorily and have secured a minimum overall aggregate of 60% are eligible. Candidates who have a 3-year diploma in mechanical engineering are also eligible through a lateral entry scheme.
The candidate should be between 18-25 years of age as of the 1st of August of the year of joining.
SC/ST candidates, there is a relaxation of 5 years in the upper age limit.
2. B tech Mechanical Engineering-
Candidates with a degree in B tech Mechanical Engineering can join the merchant navy by further enrolling themselves in a 1-year specialized course in Graduate Marine Engineering. They can then join the ship as a Marine Engineer.
3. Graduate Marine Engineering to Join the Merchant Navy after Graduation-
Graduate Marine Engineering is a 1-year course that students can opt for, if they fulfill the following criteria-
Candidates must have a bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering or Naval Architecture with a minimum score of 55% in aggregate. The candidate should not be more than 28 years of age at the start of the course.
For more information click here- Graduate Marine Engineering.
Read in detail about the admission procedure, entrance examination, best colleges, etc., here- Graduate Marine Engineering.
4. Diploma Marine Engineering-
DME is a 2-year, pre-sea training course that trains students to serve as marine engineers onboard merchant ships.
|Educational Qualifications & Age Limit:||The candidate must possess a Diploma in either Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, or Naval Architecture. He/She should not exceed a maximum of 28 years.|
|Minimum Marks:||He/She must possess a minimum of 50% in the final year and the minimum marks vary from college to college.|
To Join as an ETO-
1. Btech in Electrical Engineering / Electronics Engineering-
- After clearing a three years Diploma with 60% marks or a four years Degree including lateral entry, with 50% marks in Electronics Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, or Electronics and Instrumentation Electronics and Telecommunication, Electrical Engineering, Communication Engineering, or equivalent courses.
- Candidates who were admitted to the Diploma course based on the Matriculation only and went to complete their B.E./ B.Tech degree course as a lateral entry in the 2nd year of the degree based on the Diploma, and have secured the degree in the disciplines mentioned at (II) of the above, are also permitted to be admitted in the ETO course.
- Diploma in (EE/ ECE/ EEE/EIE) with 60% or Btech in (EE/ ECE/ EEE/EIE) with 55%. The diploma or the degree courses should be recognized by any State or Central Government or the AICTE.
For achieving the certificate as an Electro-Technical Officer (ETO), pre-sea Training for ETO on merchant ships of a duration of 17 weeks is mandatory along with 8 months of onboard training.
Read about ETO in detail here.
To Join as a Rating-
1. GP Rating Course-
|Educational Qualifications & Age Limit:||Passed a two-year Industrial Training Institutes course certified by DVET (Department of Vocational Education and Training) / NCVT (National Council of Vocational Training) as a Fitter / Machinist / Mechanic / Welder / Turner. The candidate should be between the age of 17.5 years and 25 years.|
|Minimum Marks:||He/ she should have scored a minimum of overall 40% in the final year of ITI and a minimum 40% in English in 10th / 12th.|
2. Graduation in Commerce or Arts-
Students who have graduated in subjects of commerce or arts can opt for a GP Rating course to join the merchant navy. Once they complete their 6-month, a pre-sea training course in GP Rating they become ready to join the ship. Students can opt for either the Deck Rating or the Engine Rating program.
Read more about the GP Rating course here.
Details on Top GP Rating Colleges- Top GP Rating Colleges in India.
Sponsorship in Merchant Navy-
In the current times, it has become a huge problem when it comes to bagging a job after the completion of one’s maritime course. In case you end up completing your course from a less reputed college, you’ll end up jobless and with all your money invested in college put to waste. Maritime courses being specialized courses, do not broaden your job opportunities by a huge margin as they aim at preparing you for a specific niche. Therefore, it can prove to be a drawback if you are unable to find employment in this field, as the opportunities outside it are minimal. This is the reason why sponsorship is so important.
Sponsorship provides you an assurance that you would be employed once you finish your course. Each company holds its own sponsorship exam, upon clearing which you appear for the interview and then get selected. The sponsorship examination also includes a psychometric personality test.
While it is important to score a good rank in your IMU CET exam, the most important exam to clear is the sponsorship exam. It is suggested that one clears this exam before the IMU CET examination.
This is the key reason why unemployment has become such a growing factor in the field of the merchant navy. This is the harsh reality for all those who enter the field of merchant navy without adequate information. Therefore, it is very important to do proper research and maintain a balanced mindset which will increase the likelihood of your smooth sailing into this field by many folds. The maritime field is full of opportunities but they selectively present themselves to those who follow the correct path and enroll into the right colleges. The career growth in this line of work is impeccable, only demanding you to be equally hard-working and strong-headed to make the most of your life onboard ship.
To get all-around information on the merchant navy read our blogs covering all aspects of the merchant navy here.
Stay updated regarding all the current news about sponsorship exams, college admissions, interview questions, student reviews about various colleges, prevailing job opportunities etc. and become a part of a growing marine community by joining the following telegram groups-
Marine Engineering Decoded – Telegram group specially catering to all marine engineers, students of marine engineering and GME, and all marine engineering aspirants.
IMUCET Decoded – Telegram group for class 12th students who want to join merchant navy through the deck side
GP Rating Decoded – Telegram group for all those currently working onboard as GP Rating crew, and college students and aspirants interested to make a career in GP Rating.
Marine Officers Insight – Telegram group for all sailing officers, deck cadets and cadets who are about to go on their first ship.
Marine Electrical DECODED – For all students interested in becoming an ETO, students with a diploma in Engineering, a Bachelor’s degree in B.Tech / BE Electrical and Electronics, Telecommunication or related field, and all ETO officers.
All the best! See you onboard.