How does fuel burn?
Last updated on July 3rd, 2023 at 07:56 am
Fuel combustion, also known as fuel burn, is the process by which a fuel reacts chemically with oxygen in the presence of heat, resulting in the release of energy in the form of heat and light.
The fire triangle is a model used to understand the components required for a fire to occur. It consists of three elements:
If any one of these elements is missing, a fire cannot be generated.
It is the tendency to convert from liquid state to vapour state. A fuel with higher volatility will vaporize more easily while a fuel with lower volatility is less likely to vaporise.
Flammable or inflammable:
Flammable or inflammable both refers to the materials that can easily catch fire and burn. Opposite is non-flammable material.
It is the temperature at which liquids form vapours and can catch fire when shown a spark. In case of petrol flash point is low and in case of lube oil flash point is going to be high. In ship flash point should be more than 60º for fuel or any other lube oil.
How does fuel burn on a ship?
In an engine fuel is burnt due to three main reasons-
When we receive the fuel in ship it has kinematic viscosity of 380 cst at 50° which is very thick and will not pass through the valves so it is heated to 130 deg centigrade and brought down to 13 cst.
After the fuel is heated and brought to its desired viscosity it passes through the fuel nozzles which makes fine droplets for proper burning. The droplets should not be very small otherwise it will not reach all corners.
The fuel droplets should be of proper size so that it reaches to all corners of the combustion chamber which leads to proper penetration.
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